I have read many books and spoke to many Jewish people with regards to the Feasts. There is so many information out there that you dont know your elbow from your foot. So i broke it down for myself and its easier to understand…
A: SPRING FEASTS
- found in Ex 12: 1-13; Deut. 16: 1-2; Leviticus 23: 5
- takes place Nisan 14
- This is the feast of salvation, the blood of the Lamb delivers from slavery – the Jew from Egypt, the Christian from sin.
Unleavened bread (Chag Hamoizi)
- found in Ex 12: 14-20; Deut. 16: 3-8; Numbers 28: 16-25; Lev 23: 6-145
- takes place Nisan 15-22
- this bread represents the body of the Lord and he is describe as the Bread of life
- First fruits (harvest festival) (Yom Hubikkurim)
- found in Numbers 20: 26-31; Lev 23:15-22
- takes place Nisan 16
- The feast for acknowledging the fertility of the land that God gave to the Israelites
- It celebrates the resurrection of the Lord on First Fruits
Pentecost (Shavu ot) or the Feast of Weeks
- found in Lev 23:16-17
- takes place Sivan 6
- feasts takes place 50 days after the priestly offerings of first fruits. 50 days after Jesus was resurrected He send down the Holy Spirit also it’s the birth of the Church
- the two loaves of bread symbolize the church being comprised of both Jew and Gentile
B: FALL FEASTS
Trumpets (Yom Teru ah)
- or Rosh HaShanah (new year festival?)
- found in Lev 23: 24; Numbers 29: 1
- takes place Tishri 1 (September)
- was used as a signal to call all the field workers to come into the temple the trumpet was blown by the High Priest
- in Corinthians 15: 51-53 believers will stop and rise from the earth and the church will be removed from this world.
Atonement (Yom Kippur)
- found in Numbers 29: 7-11; Lev 23: 27-32; Lev 16: 29-32; Rom 5: 11
- takes place Tishri 10
- this feast cannot be fulfilled by the Church and is exonerated.
- It will be fulfilled at the 2nd coming of the Lord.
- found in Lev 23: 34; Deut. 16: 13-15; Zech 12: 10-14 (John 14: 1-4; Isaiah 26: 19-21)
- takes place Tishri 15
- Booths (festival of shelters) found in Numbers 29: 12…; Lev 23: 33-43 takes place.
- The Jews build these outside their houses and worship in them. It represents the shelter that God provided the
Israelites in the wilderness
- The Lord will establish his tabernacle in Jerusalem (Ezekiel 37:26) and all will come every year to appear before the King and worship him (Zechariah 14: 16-17)
- will also be celebrated during the millennial reign of Christ (Zechariah 14:16; Ezekiel 45:25)
Another interesting point is that there are 7 days between the Feast of the Trumps and the Day of Atonement. Some says these 7 days represent the 7 years of tribulation..
Other interesting Notes:
- Jn 5: 1-16 Jesus was in Jerusalem at the Feast of Pentecost
- Jn 7: 1-39 Jesus was in Jerusalem at the Feast of Tabernacles
- Jn 2: 13-25; Luke 2: 41-49 Jesus was in Jerusalem at the Feast of Passover
- There are 3 pilgrimage Feast that the male Jews were supposed to attend in Jerusalem ie Feast of Unleaven Bread in the Spring, Feast of Weeks in the Summer, and the Feast of Tabernacles in the Fall
- Numbers 10:10- trumpets are to blown on the feast days
- Read Matthew 24:31 – talking about the tribulation when Christ returns to the earth?? as the great trumpet will sound
Notes on Passover:
- Isaiah 53 states that a human lamb would experience the suffering John the Baptist also mentioned it John 1 vs 36
- Acts 2:22-23 Jesus was born for this Feats of Passover was fulfilled in his crucifixion
- John 12:1 tells us that Jesus came to the town before the Passover also read John 12: 12-13
- Jesus bore our grief’s and carried our sorrows, read Isa 53: 4-7
- Details containing to the death of Lamb happened to Jesus Ex 12:46; Num 9:12; PS 34:20; John 19: 30-37; 1 Peter 1: 18-21; 1 Cor 5:7
- Who killed Jesus? Isaiah 53: 4-7; John 10:17-18; Luke 23: 21-24; tells us the Jewish Government and the government of Rome John 11: 47-50; Matt 26: 2-5; Matt 27: 20-25
- Romans 3:23; 6:23; Hebrews 2: 14-15
- We are scared of death and we are afraid of God as our sins have separated us from GodEphesians 2:13; Romans 8:1; John 5:24; Romans 5: 1, 8-9; Hebrews 10
- Have to accept Jesus as our personal Messiah, Lord and Saviour and we experience then a spiritual new birth.
- God did not want circumcision of the flesh but of the heart (Rom 2:29; John3: 1-7; Phil 3:3; Romans 2; 28-29; the natural born Jew must also be born of the Spirit; Galations 6:15; 2 Cor 5:17)
- Rom 3: 24,28; Rom 4: 5-8; Rom 5:1, 8-9; Gal 2:16; 2 Cor 5:21 – we are declared righteous through Jesus by God
Notes on Firstfruits
(Historical) Ex 13: 3,7; Exb23:b14-17;bDeut 16:16; Isa 53: 4-5; 8-10; John6: 47-58
Jesus took our leaven of sin in His spirit, our leaven of sorrows in His soul and our leaven of sickness, disease and death in His body. He who knew no leaven became leaven for us. Page 73 Celebrating Jesus in the biblical feasts by Dr Richard Booker
(Personal) Eph 4: 22; Matt 7: 21-23; Gal 5: 19-21
We are to be different from everyone else Rom 12: 1-2; 1 John 2: 15-17; 1 Peter 2:11; 2 Cor 6:17
Represents the work of the Spirit in us that enables us to be holy (1 Thes 4:3-4; 2 Thes 2:13; 1 Peter 1:2; Phil 2: 12-13)
Our character gets transformed and so the fruits of the spirit can manifest itself in us.
Notes on Pentecost:
(Historical)Lev 23: 9-14; 1 Cor 15: 20-23; Matt 28: 1-6; John 20:1; Mark 16: 9-11; John 20: 17; Rom 8: 11; Eph 1:6; Romans 11:16; 1; Cor 15: 51-58; 1Thes 4: 13-17; 5: 9-11; John 11: 20-26; Job 19: 25-26
(Personal) Eph 4: 24; 2 Cor 5:17; Gal 2: 20; Rom 6: 11-14; Gal 5: 16, 22-23; Col 3:15; James 1:18
Notes on Trumpets:
- God wanted the Jews to write down and perseve the scriptures, to bring Messiah to the rest of the world, and to proclaim the gospel to all nations. However, the Jews only fulfilled the first two calling but failed on the last as their leaders rejected Jesus as the Messiah. So when the Jews rejected Jesus, God directed him towards the gentiles (John 1: 11-12) Therefore in the months of Tammuz, Ab and Elul there are not feasts and its called the Church Period. Its when God calls the Gentiles into his Kingdom and the gentiles are the ones who are spreading the Gospel of Jesus to the world.
Notes of Tabernacle:
- God will turn his attention back to the Jews and deal with them. The return of the Messiah Jesus in to power and glory to establish the Kingdom of God on earth.
- Lev 23: 22 – the word stranger refers to the gentiles. (Ruth and Boaz)
- The gentile church period fills the gap between the 2 comings of Jesus. When this Church age is over, the Jesus will return as the Lion from the tribe of Judah and not only as the King of the Jews but as the King of Kings, Lord or Lords.
- Prophetic significance is that the feast will represent the end of the age and the return of the Messiah. Read Romans 9 – 11
- Num 29: 1-6; Gen 22: 13
- Jesus spoke of a physical and a spiritual kingdom. The physical kingdom can only be established if the spiritual kingdom is accepted. The spiritual blessing was offered to the gentiles as the Jews reject Jesus. Those who have received the spiritual blessing are living in the spiritual real of the Kingdom of God.
- The Jewish people will acknowledge Jesus as Messiah and King (Zech 12: 10; Rom 11: 25-26
- Eph 6: 10-18; 2 Cor 10: 3-4
- Jesus is our armor Rom 13:14
Notes on Atonement:
- Lev 23: 26-32
- The only day of fasting in the bible Jer 36: 6; Lev 23: 27,32
- 1 John 1: 6-9 we need to repent daily of our sins and be purified by His word John 15: 3
- Leviticus 16
- We face trials and God uses them so that we humble ourselves, test our faith so the real condition of our heart is seen. (1 Peter 4: 12,17,19)
- Jesus will help us to overcome the trials if we seek Him and repent 1 Cor 10: 13; 2 Cor 12: 9-10; 1 Peter 1: 6-7
- We must understand what the lesson is that God is trying to teach us and then ask God to help us to overcome it. 1 Peter 5:7; 1 Cor 10:13; Rom 8:28
Notes on Tabernacles :
- Is the 7th feast and 7 represents completion.
- Lev 23: 33-43
- Is a reminder to what has been and to what is still to come
- Jesus is the altimate tabernacle John 1: 14; Col 2:9
- Represents 1000 year reign of Messiah Jesus on earth – period is known as the Millennium
- Zech 14: 16; Isa 51: 11; Rev 20: 1-6
In addition to these ordained Feasts of Israel there are several other special feasts, observances, and fasts. The Feast of Hanukkah, which usually occurs in December, is an observance of an event that occurred during the “silent
period” when all Jewish scholars agree that the major and minor prophetic books had been completed. But it is interesting to note that Yeshua is noted in the Gospel of John (John 10:22 ff) as having observed this feast. The feast of Hanukkah also is important as it celebrates the Maccabees overthrow of Antiochus Epiphanies, who’s act of desecrating the Temple foreshadowed the future work of the anti-christ.
The feast of Purim, & Shovout (Huts) is categorized by a spirit of joyful celebration that focuses on the re-telling of the wonderful story of Esther and Mordechai and the divine intervention that spared the Jewish people from the
schemes of the evil Haman. (comment by Jim Shirley)
Notes on Hanukkah:
- (festival of cleansing and rededication) found in John 10: 22-23 Hanukah is the eight festival (75 days after the Day of Atonement) this too is not mentioned. It’s the cleansing of the temple after the Jews defeated Antiochus Epiphanies who defiled the temple by placing an image of Zeus in the temple and offering a pig on the altar. In essence, this is the celebration of the cleansing and rededication of the Temple of God
- How do we celebrate this? a) separate ourselves from the world 1 John 2: 15-17 b) dedicdate ourselves to God Rom 12: 1-2; 1 Cor 6: 19-20 c) trust God to help us overcome our spiritual enemies 1 John 4: 4
Comments : The feast of Hanukkah came long after Christ and has it’s origin during the revolt of the Mucchabee’s, it is said that, their was just enough oil to relight the Menorah and that it would only be enough oil for one day, seeing that their was no oil and it would take about 8 days to get enough oil from the olive presses, wel a miracle took place, and that oil which was just enough for one day, lasted the whole of the 9 days and therefore did they not God bring in the feast of the Hanukkah, and this is also called the feast of lights (comments by Louwtjie Kilian)
Notes on Purim :
- Found in the book of Ester
- It’s a holiday for feasting and joy; presents exchanged and gifts given to the poor. Ester 9: 20-28
- How can the Christian celebrate this: a) Fast and pray (see Isa 58:6); b) Intercede for the jewish people (ps 122: 6); c) Get involved but helping others to return to their land